Chapter 7.2.7 Aviation

Introduce restrictions on private jets

Restrict the use of private planes while using the tax system to disincentivise them, in line with the principle that polluters should be made to pay for their damage.

Local Authorities
UK Govt
Scottish Govt
Emissions reduction
Behaviour change

The emissions-per-person of using private jets199 are enormous and incompatible with a country and government taking a range of other steps to address greenhouse gas emissions from transport. The number of private jets has doubled in the last twenty years and continues to grow.200 France has proposed restricting private jets.201

Private plane passengers are often not subject to the same security and safety processes as public aviation passengers. In addition to this obvious unfairness, this also presents additional security risks.

Ideally the Scottish Government would work with the UK and Welsh Governments to put in place restrictions across mainland Britain, or potentially use the tax system to disincentivise the use of private jets. This could involve imposing new higher tax rates on private jet use through either reforming Air Passenger Duty at UK level or at Scotland level through the devolution of APD, and its replacement with Airport Departure Tax (see section 4.2.2 – funding climate action).

For further information:


Private planes, usually jets but sometimes propeller-driven, are owned by individuals, companies or charter firms and carry small numbers of people


Private jet sales likely to reach highest ever level this year, report says, Guardian, 2023, private-jet-sales-likely-to-reach-highest-ever-level-this-year-report-says

Version 1.0: September 2023

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